Category Archives: Publications

New paper published

ASBv29n3_cvrs_Cover24(2)A team from the State Herbarium of South Australia and The University of Adelaide have just published a research paper in Australian Systematic Botany. This journal issue combines several papers presented during the Australasian Systematic Botany Society Conference in Canberra in 2015.

The authors show in three examples, how Next Generation Sequencing can provide numerous tools for population and systematic studies. These tools are helpful for researchers working with non-model and poorly characterised organisms where little or no genomic data exist.

The case studies discuss the genetics of Acacia pinguifolia, the relationships of Acacia pycnantha at and above species level, as well as relationships in Myrtaceae: within eucalypts and at higher level.


2012 Bush Blitz report now available online

In November 2012, five staff members of the State Herbarium of South Australia participated in a two week survey on Hiltaba Station and Gawler Ranges National Park. These staff collected vascular plants and cryptogams as part of the Bush Blitz program.

The detailed report prepared for Bush Blitz is now available on Enviro Data SA:

  • Lang, P.J., Kellermann, J., Bell, G.H. & Cross, H.B. (2013). Flora survey on Hiltaba Station and Gawler Ranges National Park: vascular plants, macrofungi, lichens, and bryophytes. Report for Bush Blitz, Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. (Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources, South Australia: Adelaide). 5.9mb PDF.

Area of outcropping granite dominated by the Gawler Ranges endemic shrub Grevillea parallelinervis and by Melaleuca uncinata and Triodia irritans; hill NW of Mt Hiltaba, Hiltaba Station. Photo: J. Kellermann.

A summary of the results was published in:

  • Bush Blitz (2015). Hiltaba Nature Reserve and Gawler Ranges National Park SA 2012: a Bush Blitz survey report. (Australian Biological Resources Study: Canberra). 5.8mb PDF.

The primary survey effort was focussed on Hiltaba Station, which had been recently acquired by Nature Foundation SA, and records were made at 134 sites. Across the two properties the survey resulted in the collection of 782 plant specimens, plus a further 524 plant sighting records. The collections were supplemented by 136 vascular plant tissue samples collected in silica gel desiccant for future DNA analysis.

A total of 88 plant taxa were newly recorded for the Hiltaba Nature Foundation property during the 2012 Bush Blitz Survey. This comprised 36 vascular plant taxa and 52 cryptogams (26 bryophytes, 22 lichens, and 4 macrofungi). In the Gawler Ranges National Park, 21 plant taxa were recorded for the first time, comprising 12 vascular plant taxa and 9 cryptogams. These surveys have made a significant contribution to our knowledge of the flora on both properties.

Extensive area of intact Maireana sedifolia (Pearl Bluebush) Low Shrubland on open plain SW of Peeweena Bore, Hiltaba Station. Photo: P.J. Lang.

The results of the survey and the problems encountered when revising and compiling flora lists were discussed in a presentation at the Bush Blitz Symposium in July 2013 (Old Parliament House, Canberra). Recordings of all presentations from the Symposium are available online.

  • Kellermann, J., Lang, P.J. & Waycott, M. (2013). To the hilt: tackling flora lists for Hiltaba Station and Gawler Ranges National Park.  Recorded presentation (15 mins) by Jürgen Kellermann.

More information on the 2012 Bush Blitz:

BushBlitzLogo_orangeBush Blitz is an innovative partnership between the Australian Government, BHP Billiton Sustainable Communities and Earthwatch Australia. It is the world’s first continent-scale biodiversity survey, providing the knowledge needed to help us protect Australia’s unique animals and plants for generations to come.

New Journal article: Aug. 2016

Today, the State Herbarium of South Australia published one paper in the online version of the Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens.

G. Kantvilas, A synopsis and key for the lichen genus Caloplaca (Teloschistaceae) on Kangaroo Island, with the description of two new species (10MB PDF).

Gintaras Kantvilas (Tasmanian Herbarium, Hobart) provides an overview of the cosmopolitan lichen genus Caloplaca Th.Fr. (orange lichen) for Kangaroo Island. Species of Caloplaca are a prominent component of the southern Australian, maritime lichen flora, especially in lower rainfall areas. Species of the genus are responsible for the orange, red and yellow banding of coastal rocks, but they are also found away from the littoral zone on bark, wood, calcareous and siliceous rocks, and consolidated soil in open forest, woodland and heathland, as well as in areas disturbed or modified by man.

Caloplaca gallowayi growing on coastal rocks. This species is usually the dominant contributor to the orange-red zonation of the littoral zone. Photo: G. Kantvilas.

The paper gives a synopsis of the 32 taxa on Kangaroo Island, as well as an identification key. Two further new species are also described, one of which honours the work of Sergey Kondratyuk, the world-authority of the genus and the lichen family Teloschistaceae, and architect of the current Australian Caloplaca taxonomy.

To access content of all volumes of the Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens since Vol. 1 (1976), please visit the journal’s web-site at (the Journal is also available through JSTOR).

New publications: July 2016

Two publications from the State Herbarium of South Australia were released this month:

(1) Today, one paper was published in the online version of the Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens.

P.S. Catcheside, H.P. Vonow & D.E.A. Catcheside, Entoloma ravinense (Agaricales, Basidiomycota), a new species from South Australia (1.8MB PDF).

Mature fruit bodies of the holotype of Entoloma ravinense in situ. Photo: D.E.A. Catcheside.

State Herbarium Hon. Associate Pam Catcheside and colleagues describe a new fungus they discovered in the Ravine des Casoars Wilderness Protection Area, Kangaroo Island. The type collection is particularly significant for South Australia, as it was accessioned as the millionth specimen at the State Herbarium in 2012. The authors examined the new species with morphological and molecular methods, discuss their results in detail, provide photographs and a key to Australian species of pleurotoid (lateral attached) entolomas.

See also the report on the millionth specimen in the Board of the Botanic Gardens and State Herbarium Annual Report 2012-2012 (p. 14).

To access content of all volumes of the Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens since Vol. 1 (1976), please visit the journal’s web-site at (the Journal is also available through JSTOR).

(2) In addition, the State Herbarium also published a new brochure on hybridisation between native and introduced species of Carpobrotus (pigface).

M. Waycott, Hybridisation in native pigface, Carpobrotus rossii (8pp., 5MB PDF).

Carpobrotus rossii, male plant.

This brochure summarises the results of a research project by the State Herbarium of South Australia, funded by the Adelaide and Mt Lofty Ranges NRM Board (AMLR), on the invasive species Carpobrotus edulis (L.) N.E.Br. and its hybrids with the native Carpobrotus rossii (Haw.) Schwantes. Illustrations and keys to species of Carpobrotus in the Adelaide coastal regions are provided.

Several staff and Hon. Associates of the State Herbarium, as well as one summer scholarship student and collaborators at The University of Adelaide, were involved in the project. The results indicate that hybridisation between the two species is common in areas where both species occur and identification of hybrids is complex.

Hardcopy of the booklet is available from the AMLR main office at 205 Greenhill Road, Eastwood SA 5063, and will soon be distributed to other offices in the region.

New journal article: June 2016

Thelidium robustum. Line drawing by P.M. McCarthy.

Today, the State Herbarium of South Australia published one paper in the online version of the Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens.

P.M. McCarthy & G. Kantvilas, Thelidium robustum sp. nov. (lichenized Ascomycota, Verrucariaceae) from Kangaroo Island, South Australia (430KB PDF).

Patrick McCarthy (formerly Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra) and Gintaras Kantvilas (Tasmanian Herbarium, Hobart) describe a new species of lichen from Kangaroo Island. It is only known from one locality on the island, growing on limestone amongst dense coastal heathland. The authors also provide an identification key to all species of Thelidium in Australia.

To access content of all volumes of the Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens since Vol. 1 (1976), please visit the journal’s web-site at (the Journal is also available through JSTOR).